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Posted on 10/14/2021 in Health and Fitness

Top 8 Foot Problems Everyone Needs to Know About

Top 8 Foot Problems Everyone Needs to Know About

Your feet are durable mechanical structures consisting of various ligaments, tendons, muscles, joints, and bones. They endure lots of stress and pressure every day and are expected to help you travel from one place to another. However, such highly-developed and complex structures require a little regular care. 

If there is pain or discomfort that has occurred in one or both of your feet and you’re wondering what may be the reason behind it, keep reading to discover the ten most common causes of foot problems. 


1. Plantar fasciitis

The plantar fascia is a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, connects the heel to the toes, and forms the arch. If this tissue is overstretched or strained, tiny tears can form, causing swelling and pain.

Many people experience pain when they first get out of bed in the morning or after prolonged inactivity. The pain might range from a sharp, stabbing sensation to a continuous throbbing discomfort. After a few minutes of walking around, it may subside.


2. Heel pain

The Achilles tendon, which connects the calf and its muscles to the heel, begins at the heel bone. Over-exertion, over-stretching, and ill-fitting footwear are the most common causes of heel pain. Plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, bursitis, and Achilles tendinitis are all potential culprits behind heel pain. Pain radiating from other parts of your body could also be a factor.


3. Blisters

Blisters are a widespread foot condition that can be avoided with a little additional care. When the skin of the foot is rubbed excessively, it tears just beneath the surface. The fluid then accumulates to protect the skin from further damage, forming a blister bubble. The blister plays an important role: protecting your skin from more serious damage and infection.


4. Corns and calluses

Calluses develop when the skin hardens resulting from repeated pressure and are most commonly observed under the balls and heels of your feet. The majority of the time, they do not cause any discomfort. Corns, however, typically occur in a specific area of your feet, creating a hard lump encircled by extremely painful inflamed skin. If you have corns that significantly decrease your quality of life, consider visiting a reputable podiatry clinic to undergo a corn removal procedure


5. Bunions

Bunions form when your big toe pulls inwards toward the neighboring toe, causing the foot structure to become misaligned. Because of this, a bony lump grows at the joint of your big toe, projecting outward and leading to pain or discomfort. A bunion, depending on its location and severity, can result in difficulty walking, and an increased risk of severe foot problems.


6. Ingrown toenails

Ingrown toenails develop when the margins of the nail curve and grow into the surrounding skin, which is quite common. Failure to treat ingrown toenails can result in swelling and inflammation, and even infection. 

Ingrown toenails commonly affect your big toe and have a high risk of recurrence. Fortunately, an experienced podiatrist can recommend the steps you can take to prevent them from occurring again.


7. Unsightly or thick toenails

Fungal infections, injuries, aging, psoriasis, and paronychia can all cause thick, unsightly toenails. Fungal infections are the most prevalent cause of nails curling, thickening, and turning yellow in color. It’s best to take care of this foot condition right away. It might become painful and difficult to manage if not treated.


8. Achilles tendinitis

The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel bone and is the biggest tendon in your body. It allows you to move your feet up and down. When the Achilles tendon is repeatedly strained or overused, tendinitis or tendinopathy develops. The tendon gets inflamed, causing mild to severe discomfort and preventing you from participating in sports or other activities.


Posted by Amelia Grant
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