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Posted on 01/11/2022 in Health and Fitness

Everything You Should Know About Ovarian Cysts

Everything You Should Know About Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets that occur inside or on the surface of the ovary. Ovarian cysts affect many women at some point in their lives, especially those who are pregnant or have not yet reached menopause. 


The majority of ovarian cysts don't cause significant discomfort and are benign. In most cases, ovarian cysts go away on their own within a few months without any treatment. But in some women, ovarian cysts can produce unpleasant or even severe symptoms. In this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about ovarian cysts.

Symptoms of ovarian cysts

As mentioned above, many women have asymptomatic cysts. However, many cysts can cause the following symptoms:

  • Pelvic pain

  • Bloating

  • Pain during sex

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Lower back pain

If ovarian cysts start causing severe symptoms like unbearable pelvic pain and fever, you may require immediate medical attention. 

Types of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts can have different shapes and sizes. Functional cysts are deemed the most prevalent form of ovarian cysts. Follicle and corpus luteum cysts are the two forms of functional cysts.


An egg matures in a sac called a follicle during a woman's menstrual cycle. This follicle or sac usually bursts open and releases an egg. The fluid inside the follicle might develop a follicular cyst on the ovary if the follicle does not burst open.

Follicle sacs usually disintegrate once an egg is released. However, if the sac does not dissolve and the follicle's entrance shuts, more fluid can accumulate inside the sac, resulting in a corpus luteum cyst.

Other types of ovarian cysts include dermoid cysts, cystadenomas, and endometriomas. Additionally, many women have multiple cysts on the ovaries. This condition is called polycystic ovary syndrome. 

Risk factors for ovarian cysts

The following factors increase your chances of getting an ovarian cyst:

  • Hormonal disorders. Taking clomiphene (Clomid), which causes ovulation, can lead to the development of ovarian cysts.

  • Pregnancy. A cyst that develops after ovulation can sometimes persist in the ovary throughout pregnancy.

  • Endometriosis. In this syndrome, the cells of the endometrium of the uterus expand outside the uterus. Some of the tissue can adhere to the ovary and become cysts.

  • Serious infection in the pelvis. Cysts can form if the infection spreads to the ovaries.

Complications of ovarian cysts

If left untreated, some ovarian cysts can lead to severe complications. For example, cysts can contribute to the development of ovarian torsion. This condition occurs when the ovary twists around itself. This results in impaired blood flow to the ovary. Without timely and accurate treatment, ovarian torsion can lead to necrosis and death of the ovary. 

Ovarian cysts can also burst. This rupture can result in severe pain and even lead to internal bleeding, especially if the cyst is big. A rupture might be exacerbated by vaginal intercourse and other activities. A bursting cyst can heal on its own in certain cases, but in most cases, it is a life-threatening emergency.

Treatment options for ovarian cysts

If cysts don’t cause any symptoms or complications, watchful waiting can be a good option for you. As mentioned above, many cysts appear and disappear on their own. However, if you experience some symptoms of ovarian cysts, you may need to contact a gynecologist for proper treatment. 

To prevent the occurrence of new ovarian cysts, your gynecologist can prescribe hormonal birth control. If your cysts cause severe symptoms, you may need to undergo surgical treatment. The most common surgeries for ovarian cysts are laparoscopy (tiny incision for small cysts) and laparotomy (bigger incision for cysts that may be cancerous). 


Posted by Amelia Grant
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