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Posted 03/03/2023 by Centralbiohub

Causes and types of cancers in human

Causes and types of cancers in human

Oncology is the medical discipline that deals with diagnosing, treating, and studying cancers. In this modern era, the incidence of cancer has increased tremendously due to various external and intrinsic factors. But what exactly is Cancer? According to the definition, Cancer is a condition where body cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, resulting in spreading to other body parts through the blood and lymph system. It can start anywhere in the body. According to epidemiological studies, cancer is the second leading cause of death and disability in the world.

Causes of Cancer: 

Several factors are known to cause cancer diseases. However, the exact reason for cancer is the mutation of DNA within cells. Genetic mutation results in the following mechanism to cause cancer:

  • Stimulate abnormal growth and proliferation of abnormal cells

  • Failure to stop uncontrolled cell growth due to mis regulated tumor suppressor genes.

  • Make mistakes while repairing DNA errors.

Types of Cancer:  

Cancers can be classified according to the location where they start growing and the type of cancer cells. According to the location of origin, it is divided into lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, etc. At the same time, based on the cell type, it is divided into Five types as follows:

  • Carcinoma: This type of cancer starts in the skin or tissues that line or cover internal organs. Adenocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and transitional cell carcinoma are some of the subtypes.

  • Leukaemia: This is called white blood cell cancer. It begins in the bone marrow tissues that produce blood cells.

  • Lymphoma and myeloma: These types of cancers affect the cells of the immune system

  • Sarcoma: This cancer starts to grow in connective or supportive tissues like bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, or blood vessels. It is called soft tissue sarcoma.

  • Brain and spinal cord cancers: These are referred to as central nervous system cancers.

Central BioHub offers a vast array of human biospecimens for cancer research.

Get ready for a groundbreaking discovery to treat and cure cancer - the most feared human disease on the planet. The demand for high-quality cancer samples is increasing as the incidence of various types of cancer rises. Global research is driving the development of novel onco-therapeutic and diagnostic systems to improve the recovery of cancer patients. Central BioHub offers 10,000+ human serum and plasma biosamples, 6,000+ FFPE blocks and 100+ frozen cancer tissue samples, which have been thoroughly screened for cancer tissue biomarkers and antigens.

It provides well-tested, richly annotated, and well-preserved oncology biospecimens in order to achieve the best research results. Click here to learn more about the oncology biospecimen inventory and the most recent updates: https://centralbiohub.de/blogs/largest-collection-of-oncology-biospecimens

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